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Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia

On-line version ISSN 1806-9290

Abstract

GARCEZ NETO, Américo Fróes; GOBBI, Kátia Fernanda; SILVA, Janielen da  and  SANTOS, Tiago Machado dos. Tillering and biomass partitioning of Mombasa grass under nitrogen fertilization during regrowth. R. Bras. Zootec. [online]. 2012, vol.41, n.8, pp. 1824-1831. ISSN 1806-9290.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-35982012000800004.

Biomass partitioning in forages is highly variable during plant development and with the rate of nutrient supply. This study was carried out with the objective to evaluate the tillering pattern and biomass partitioning of Mombasa grass (Megathyrsus maximus cv. Mombaça) subjected to rates of nitrogen (N) during regrowth. The treatments consisted of three weekly rates of N: control (without N supply), 25 and 50 mg dm-3 of N, which were evaluated by 1, 2, 4, 8, 16 and 32 days after defoliation. The design was of completely randomized blocks in a 3 × 6 factorial arrangement with three replicates. The number of tillers was measured and harvesting and weighting of the following morphological components were performed: leaf (leaf blades), pseudostem, stem base and root. Interaction between N rates and regrowth times was found for all variables analyzed. The N supply increased the number and weight of tiller (up to 117.3 and 167.6%, respectively), as well as the shoot dry matter yield of Mombasa grass. That effect was most significant particularly at 32 days of regrowth. Among the treatments receiving N supply, the highest N rate was more significant to leaf and shoot yield only after 6-11 days of regrowth. High N supply must be applied to Mombasa grass only after that time and the biomass harvested between 24-28 days of regrowth.

Keywords : forage; morphology; structure; tiller.

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