Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
Print version ISSN 1516-4446
FU-I, Lee. Bipolar disorder in childhood and adolescence. Rev. Bras. Psiquiatr. [online]. 2004, vol.26, suppl.3, pp. 22-26. ISSN 1516-4446. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-44462004000700006.
Many advances in the knowledge of childhood- and adolescent-onset bipolar disorder have been seen over the last 15 years. Current efforts focus on investigating clinical features, developing more instruments for early diagnosis and improving treatment research. The present study aims to present the main clinical characteristic of the disorder in children and adolescents, as well as the nomenclature, description of clinical phenotypes and the most common cycling pattern in youths. A discussion of comorbidity, differential diagnosis and advances in psychopharmacological treatment will also be presented.
Keywords : Bipolar disorder [diagnosis]; Bipolar disorder [therapy]; Child; Adolescent.