Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
Print version ISSN 1516-4446
LUCCHESI, Ligia Mendonça; PRADELLA-HALLINAN, Marcia; LUCCHESI, Mauricio and MORAES, Walter André dos Santos. Sleep in psychiatric disorders. Rev. Bras. Psiquiatr. [online]. 2005, vol.27, suppl.1, pp. 27-32. ISSN 1516-4446. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-44462005000500006.
Altered sleep patterns are prominent in the majority of psychiatric disorders. This article examines the psychiatric disorders that are most often associated to sleep dysfunction as it is related in clinical practice and describes the polysomnographic findings. Patient's main complaints are related to difficulty in initiating and maintaining sleep (initial or middle insomnia, respectively) and poor quality of sleep. Early awakening or terminal insomnia is most described in the depressive conditions. Hypersomnia may be the main symptom in some depressive disorders, as seasonal depression, depression with atypical features or depressive episodes in bipolar disorder. Polysomnographic evaluation shows, in general, a significative reduction in the efficiency and total time of sleep, in detriment to the amount of slow wave sleep. The reduction of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep latency is mainly described for the depression, but has also been reported in other psychiatric disorders.
Keywords : Sleep disorders; Sleep, REM [physiology]; Depressive disorders; Attention deficit disorders with hyperactivity; Polysomnography; Sleep initiation and maintenance disorders.