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Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
On-line version ISSN 1809-452X
RIBAS, Guilherme Carvalhal. Considerations about the nervous system phylogenetic evolution, behavior, and the emergence of consciousness. Rev. Bras. Psiquiatr. [online]. 2006, vol.28, n.4, pp. 326-338. ISSN 1809-452X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-44462006000400015.
This text reviews the generic aspects of the central nervous system evolutionary development, emphasizing the developmental features of the brain structures related with behavior and with the cognitive functions that finally characterized the human being. Over the limbic structures that with the advent of mammals were developed on the top of the primitive nervous system of their ancestrals, the ultimate cortical development with neurons arranged in layers constituted the structural base for an enhanced sensory discrimination, for more complex motor activities, and for the development of cognitive and intellectual functions that finally characterized the human being. The knowledge of the central nervous system phylogeny allow us particularly to infer possible correlations between the brain structures that were developed along phylogeny and the behavior of their related beings. In this direction, without discussing its conceptual aspects, this review ends with a discussion about the central nervous system evolutionary development and the emergence of consciousness, in the light of its most recent contributions.
Keywords : Phylogeny; Neuroanatomy; Limbic system; Neurobehavioral manifestations; Consciousness.