Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
Print version ISSN 1516-4446
FERNANDES, Marcos Henrique and ROCHA, Vera Maria da. Impact of the psychosocial aspects of work on the quality of life of teachers. Rev. Bras. Psiquiatr. [online]. 2009, vol.31, n.1, pp. 15-20. ISSN 1516-4446. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-44462009000100005.
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of psychosocial aspects on the quality of life of teachers from municipal schools in Natal, Brazil. METHOD: descriptive study with a cross-sectional design and a sample of 242 elementary school teachers. We used the WHOQOL-bref to assess the quality of life as well as questions about the level of control and the psychological demand of work from the Job Content Questionnaire. RESULTS: the overall evaluation of quality of life showed that the physical and environmental domains had the lowest mean scores. According to the psychosocial aspects, most of the subjects (67 individuals = 32.1%) were characterized as having active work (high demand and control), followed by 54 teachers (25.8%) with demanding work (high demand and little control). These two groups have shown to be more affected in the assessment of physical (p < 0.001), psychological (p < 0.001), and environment (p < 0.001) domains of quality of life. CONCLUSIONS: Teachers who had tasks characterized as active and demanding were more affected in the quality of life domain. This finding suggests the need for greater investment in health-promotion policies among teachers.
Keywords : Quality of life; Faculty; Brazil; Working conditions; Psychosocial impact.