Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
Print version ISSN 1516-4446
BUDNEY, Alan J.; VANDREY, Ryan G. and STANGER, Catherine. Pharmacological and psychosocial interventions for cannabisuse disorders. Rev. Bras. Psiquiatr. [online]. 2010, vol.32, suppl.1, pp. 546-555. ISSN 1516-4446. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-44462010000500008.
OBJECTIVE: Cannabis remains the most widely used illicit substance in most developed countries. Its addictive potential has been established and the need for interventions for cannabis-related problems has become apparent. This article provides a review of the research evaluating potential treatments for cannabis use disorders. METHOD: A search of publication databases identified research studies and reviews of the scientific literature on psychosocial and pharmacological interventions for cannabis use disorders. RESULTS: For adults, behaviorally-based interventions engender significant positive effects on abstinence and reductions in cannabis use. With adolescents, similar treatments and family-based interventions have demonstrated efficacy. Across studies, response rates appear modest even with the most potent psychosocial treatments. Evaluations of pharmacological approaches to cannabis use disorders have yet to provide clinical efficacy data for any specific medication. Agonist and antagonist approaches appear to offer the most promise. Advances in understanding of the neurobiology of the cannabinoid system provide optimism that the synthesis of compounds that alter CB1 receptor site functioning may produce promising medications. CONCLUSION: Clinical research has identified effective psychosocial treatments, but has yet to yield effective pharmacotherapies. Much work remains to enhance the potency of and access to interventions for those seeking treatment for cannabis use disorders.
Keywords : Cannabis; Marijuana; Pharmacological process; Family relations; Treatment outcome.