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Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
versão impressa ISSN 1516-4446
AMARAL, Ricardo Abrantes do; MALBERGIER, André e ANDRADE, Arthur Guerra de. Management of patients with substance use illnesses in psychiatric emergency department. Rev. Bras. Psiquiatr. [online]. 2010, vol.32, suppl.2, pp.S104-S111. ISSN 1516-4446. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-44462010000600007.
OBJECTIVE: Substance use disorders are prevalent in emergency departments in medical and psychiatric services, reaching rates of 28% of cases in medical emergency departments. However, professionals in the emergency department identify less than 50% of cases of alcohol-related problems. This article aims to provide evidence-based interventions for the specific treatment to patients who meet diagnostic criteria for substance use disorders and who present to emergency rooms during intoxication or abstinence. METHOD: A literature review was performed on Medline database, using the descriptors "acute intoxication", "withdrawal", "alcohol", "cocaine", "cannabis", "opioid", "inhalant", "management", using English as the language. RESULTS: AND CONCLUSION: The care of persons with substance use disorders should include: comprehensive assessment (medical and psychiatric), treatment of diagnosed disorders (withdrawal, intoxication and clinical features that characterize an emergency), awareness of the patient to carry out treatment if necessary and referral.
Palavras-chave : Substance-related disorders; Patients; Emergency services, psychiatric; Intoxication; Withdrawal; Management.