Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
Print version ISSN 1516-4446
WOLLE, Cynthia C et al. Differences in drinking patterns between men and women in Brazil. Rev. Bras. Psiquiatr. [online]. 2011, vol.33, n.4, pp. 367-373. ISSN 1516-4446. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-44462011000400010.
OBJECTIVE: To examine sex differences in alcohol consumption according to age groups, and to assess gender and age effects on several aspects of alcohol consumption patterns. METHOD: Based on a Brazilian nationwide representative sample (n = 3,007), we analysed the differences in drinking patterns between genders. We also assessed the effects of gender, age, and gender by age interaction for alcohol consumption dimensions (frequent drinking, usual intake, binge drinking, and frequent binge drinking), using logistic and negative binomial regression models. RESULTS: Gender, age, and gender by age interaction had significant effects on the predictive models for all studied drinking patterns, except for the 'usual' dosage. The effect of gender on drinking patterns varies with age. While gender has a greater effect in older age groups, the difference between men and women decreased in the younger age groups. CONCLUSIONS: Gender convergence regarding alcohol use is a trend that might be influenced by environmental factors and should be addressed in prevention and treatment programs, as well as in public health policies.
Keywords : Alcohol drinking; Interpersonal relations; Epidemiology; Adolescents; Women.