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Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
Print version ISSN 1516-4446
PALAVRAS, Marly Amorim; KAIO, Glauber Higa; MARI, Jair de Jesus and CLAUDINO, Angélica Medeiros. A review of Latin American studies on binge eating disorder. Rev. Bras. Psiquiatr. [online]. 2011, vol.33, suppl.1, pp.s81-s94. ISSN 1516-4446. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-44462011000500007.
OBJECTIVE: To review the state of the art of the scientific literature on binge eating disorder in Latin America. METHOD: A literature search of studies conducted in Latin American countries using the term "binge eating" was performed in the following electronic databases: PubMed, LILACS, SciELO, and PsycINFO. Selected articles described studies developed with Latin American samples that met partial or complete DSM-IV diagnostic criteria for binge eating disorder. RESULTS: 8,123 articles were screened and 30 studies met the inclusion criteria (18 cross-sectional studies, 5 clinical trials, 4 case reports, 2 validity studies, and 1 cohort study). Most of the studies were conducted in Brazil (27), one in Argentina, one in Colombia, and one in Venezuela. The prevalence of binge eating disorder among obese people attending weight loss programs ranged between 16% and 51.6%. The comparison between obese people with and without binge eating disorder showed a tendency of higher weight, longer history of weight fluctuation, more concern about shape and weight, and association with psychiatric comorbidity in those with binge eating disorder. CONCLUSION: Binge eating disorder is a detectable phenomenon in Latin America with clinical features similar to those found in the international literature. This review provides support for the consideration of binge eating disorder as a distinct eating disorder in the International Classification of Diseases - 11th edition.
Keywords : Binge eating disorder; International Classification of Diseases; Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders; Diagnosis; Classification.