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Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
Print version ISSN 1516-4446
MARQUES, Luana et al. The relationship between perceived social support and severity of body dysmorphic disorder symptoms: the role of gender. Rev. Bras. Psiquiatr. [online]. 2011, vol.33, n.3, pp.238-244. Epub Apr 15, 2011. ISSN 1516-4446. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-44462011000300006.
OBJECTIVE: Whether social support is associated with severity of body dysmorphic symptoms is unknown. To address this gap in the literature, the present study aims to examine the association between three domains of perceived social support (i.e., family, friends, and significant others) and severity of body dysmorphic disorder symptoms. METHOD: Participants (N = 400) with symptoms consistent with diagnosis of body dysmorphic disorder completed measures of symptomatology and social support via the internet. RESULTS: More perceived social support from friends and significant others was associated with less severe body dysmorphic disorder symptoms for males, and more perceived social support from family and friends was associated with less severe body dysmorphic disorder symptoms among females. Additionally, gender moderated the association between perceived social support from significant others and symptom severity, such that perceived social support from a significant other was significantly negatively associated with body dysmorphic symptom severity in males, but not females. CONCLUSION: The present study implicates social support as an important area of future body dysmorphic disorder research.
Keywords : Body dysmorphic disorders; Signs and symptoms; Gender; Social support.