Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
Print version ISSN 1516-4446
MAUA, Fernando Henrique Nadalini and BALTIERI, Danilo Antonio. Criminal career-related factors among female robbers in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, and a presumed 'revolving-door' situation. Rev. Bras. Psiquiatr. [online]. 2012, vol.34, n.2, pp. 176-184. ISSN 1516-4446. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-44462012000200010.
INTRODUCTION: Risk-taking behaviors, family criminality, poverty, and poor parenting have been frequently associated with an earlier onset of criminal activities and a longer criminal career among male convicts. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to identify factors related to the onset and recurrence of criminal behavior among female robbers in the State of São Paulo - Brazil. METHOD: It was a cross-sectional study carried out inside a feminine penitentiary in São Paulo. From June 2006 to June 2010, 175 inmates convicted only for robbery were recruited to be evaluated about family antecedents of criminal conviction, alcohol and drug misuse, impulsiveness, depressive symptoms, and psychosocial features. RESULTS Having family antecedents of criminal conviction consistently predicted an earlier onset of criminal activities and a longer criminal career among female robbers. Drug use in youth and the severity of drug misuse were significantly related to the initiation and recurrence of criminal behavior, respectively. DISCUSSION: Prisons must systematically screen detainees and provide treatments for those with health problems in general. Children of inmates should obtain help to modify the negative consequences of their parents' incarceration in order to mitigate the negative consequences of pursuing this 'static' factor.
Keywords : female inmates; robbery; substance misuse; trans-generational theory.