SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.34 suppl.1Anxiety and joint hypermobility association: a systematic reviewOutlining new frontiers for the comprehension of obsessive-compulsive disorder: a review of its relationship with fear and anxiety índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria

versión impresa ISSN 1516-4446

Resumen

BINELLI, Cynthia et al. Social anxiety and negative early life events in university students. Rev. Bras. Psiquiatr. [online]. 2012, vol.34, suppl.1, pp. 69-74. ISSN 1516-4446.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-44462012000500006.

INTRODUCTION: There is substantial evidence regarding the impact of negative life events during childhood on the aetiology of psychiatric disorders. We examined the association between negative early life events and social anxiety in a sample of 571 Spanish University students. METHODS: In a cross-sectional survey conducted in 2007, we collected data through a semistructured questionnaire of sociodemographic variables, personal and family psychiatric history, and substance abuse. We assessed the five early negative life events: (i) the loss of someone close, (ii) emotional abuse, (iii) physical abuse, (iv) family violence, and (v) sexual abuse. All participants completed the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale. RESULTS: Mean (SD) age was 21 (4.5), 75% female, LSAS score was 40 (DP = 22), 14.2% had a psychiatric family history and 50.6% had negative life events during childhood. Linear regression analyses, after controlling for age, gender, and family psychiatric history, showed a positive association between family violence and social score (p = 0.03). None of the remaining stressors produced a significant increase in LSAS score (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: University students with high levels of social anxiety presented higher prevalence of negative early life events. Thus, childhood family violence could be a risk factor for social anxiety in such a population.

Palabras llave : negative early life events; childhood adversities; family violence; social anxiety; Liebowitz social anxiety scale.

        · resumen en Portugués     · texto en Inglés | Portugués     · pdf en Inglés | Portugués