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Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry

versão impressa ISSN 1516-4446versão On-line ISSN 1809-452X

Resumo

MANTOVANI, Lucas M.; TEIXEIRA, Antônio L.  e  SALGADO, João V.. Functional capacity: a new framework for the assessment of everyday functioning in schizophrenia. Rev. Bras. Psiquiatr. [online]. 2015, vol.37, n.3, pp.249-255. ISSN 1809-452X.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1516-4446-2014-1551.

Historically, measures of everyday functioning have focused exclusively on real-world performance. Despite the unquestionable value of “real-world functioning”, it has become clear that instruments for its assessment might not be as accurate as desirable. Functional capacity is a domain of everyday functioning that can be assessed through performance-based measures. In the last decade, functional capacity has become a cornerstone for the assessment of everyday functioning, since, alongside measures of real-world functioning, it provides a much more comprehensive picture of functional outcomes than any measurement alone. Functional capacity is more stable and less vulnerable to influence from environmental factors than other domains, and its correlation with cognitive functions has encouraged the Measurement and Treatment Research to Improve Cognition in Schizophrenia (MATRICS) project to suggest that a performance-based measure of functional capacity be included as a co-primary assessment of cognition in clinical trials. Functional capacity assessment instruments may be also useful in the evaluation of remission in schizophrenia. Validation of these instruments in different countries is desirable, and should always include cross-cultural adaptation; within large countries, adjustment for regional variations should be considered.

Palavras-chave : Schizophrenia; disability; everyday functioning; functional capacity; real-world functioning.

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