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Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry

versão impressa ISSN 1516-4446versão On-line ISSN 1809-452X

Resumo

MOREIRA, Fernanda Pedrotti et al. Metabolic syndrome and psychiatric disorders: a population-based study. Braz. J. Psychiatry [online]. 2019, vol.41, n.1, pp.38-43.  Epub 11-Out-2018. ISSN 1516-4446.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1516-4446-2017-2328.

Objective:

To identify the association of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and psychiatric disorders in young adults in southern Brazil.

Methods:

This population based cross-sectional study involved a total of 1,023 young adults between the ages of 21 and 32 years. Current episodes of psychiatric disorders were assessed using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview – Plus version. MetS was evaluated using the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP/ATP III).

Results:

Of the 1,023 participants, 24.3% were identified with MetS, 13.5% were diagnosed with anxiety disorders, 7.5% with current depression, 3.9% with bipolar disorders and 10.1% were at risk of suicide. MetS was associated with ethnicity (p = 0.022), excess weight (p < 0.001), current anxiety disorders (p < 0.001), current mood disorders (bipolar disorder in mood episode and current depression) (p < 0.001), and suicide risk (p < 0.001).

Conclusions:

MetS was associated with psychiatric disorders. Awareness of factors associated with MetS can help identify high-risk individuals and stimulate disease prevention and control programs, as well as lifestyle changes.

Palavras-chave : Metabolic syndrome; psychiatric disorders; mood disorders; anxiety disorders; suicide.

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