Revista Brasileira de Ciência Avícola
versão On-line ISSN 1806-9061
FARIA FILHO, DE et al. Ingredient classification according to the digestible amino acid profile: an exploratory analysis. Rev. Bras. Cienc. Avic. [online]. 2005, vol.7, n.3, pp. 185-193. ISSN 1806-9061. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-635X2005000300009.
This study aimed: 1) to classify ingredients according to the digestible amino acid (AA) profile; 2) to determine ingredients with AA profile closer to the ideal for broiler chickens; and 3) to compare digestible AA profiles from simulated diets with the ideal protein profile. The digestible AA levels of 30 ingredients were compiled from the literature and presented as percentages of lysine according to the ideal protein concept. Cluster and principal component analyses (exploratory analyses) were used to compose and describe groups of ingredients according to AA profiles. Four ingredient groups were identified by cluster analysis, and the classification of the ingredients within each of these groups was obtained from a principal component analysis, showing 11 classes of ingredients with similar digestible AA profiles. The ingredients with AA profiles closer to the ideal protein were meat and bone meal 45, fish meal 60 and wheat germ meal, all of them constituting Class 1; the ingredients from the other classes gradually diverged from the ideal protein. Soybean meal, which is the main protein source for poultry, showed good AA balance since it was included in Class 3. On the contrary, corn, which is the main energy source in poultry diets, was classified in Class 8. Dietary AA profiles were improved when corn and/or soybean meal were partially or totally replaced in the simulations by ingredients with better AA balance.
Palavras-chave : Broiler chicken; cluster analysis; ideal protein; ingredients; principal component analysis.