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Brazilian Journal of Poultry Science

versão impressa ISSN 1516-635X

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COBANOGLU, F et al. Comparing the profitability of organic and conventional broiler production. Rev. Bras. Cienc. Avic. [online]. 2014, vol.16, n.4, pp.403-410. ISSN 1516-635X.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1516-635x1604403-410.

Organic broiler chicken production has recently received more attention worldwide. This study carried out an economic analysis to compare the profitability of organic versus conventional growing systems per unit of broiler meat production. In this study, 400 slow-growing broilers (Hubbard Red-JA) were reared in an organic production system and the same number of fast-growing broilers (Ross-308) were reared in a conventional system. Profitability was deduced from an economic analysis that compared total costs and net income. Results showed that organic broiler meat can cost from 70% to 86% more with respect to variable and fixed costs when compared with conventional production. The main reasons for the higher cost of organic broiler meat were feed, labor, certification, and outdoor area maintenance. The proportion of fixed costs in total costs was 1.54% in the conventional system and 7.48% in the organic system. The net income per kg of chicken meat in the organic system was €0.75, which is 180% higher compared with the conventional system (€0.27); however, organic broiler meat was sold at a twice as high price than the conventional one. In conclusion, organic broiler meat production was more economical than conventional rearing.

Palavras-chave : Broiler; conventional; organic; net income; total costs.

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