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Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Fonoaudiologia
On-line version ISSN 1982-0232
ZEIGELBOIM, Bianca Simone; ROSA, Marine Raquel Diniz da; KLAGENBERG, Karlin Fabianne and JURKIEWICZ, Ari Leon. Vestibular rehabilitation in the treatment of dizziness and tinnitus. Rev. soc. bras. fonoaudiol. [online]. 2008, vol.13, n.3, pp. 226-232. ISSN 1982-0232. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-80342008000300005.
PURPOSE: To verify the effectiveness of vestibular rehabilitation exercises in the improvement of tinnitus and dizziness through an evaluation carried out before and after the administration of the Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI) and the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (DHI) questionnaires, both adapted to the Brazilian population. METHODS: Six patients (two male and four female), with ages ranging from 43 to 70 years, were evaluated. The patients were submitted to the following procedures: anamnesis, otoscopy, vestibular evaluation through vectoelectronystagmography, and administration of the questionnaires, before and after vestibular rehabilitation, using the Cawthorne and Cooksey protocol. RESULTS: a) regarding the most related complaints, imbalance when walking (83,3%), headache (66,6%) and depression (66,6%), were observed; b) in the vestibular exam all the patients showed alterations in the caloric test, and the most frequent syndrome was the irritative peripheral vestibular (83,3%); c) two cases of irritative peripheral vestibular syndrome, two cases of irritative peripheral unilateral vestibular syndrome, one case of irritative peripheral bilateral vestibular syndrome and one case of peripheral deficient unilateral vestibular syndrome were verified in the vestibular exam; d) in the administration of the DHI, an improvement in the functional and emotional aspects were observed, with the physical aspect remaining unchanged; e) in the administration of the THI, an improvement was observed in all the aspects evaluated. CONCLUSION: The protocol of vestibular rehabilitation used in the study, promoted a decrease in tinnitus and dizziness, hence improving the quality of life of the patients.
Keywords : Vestibular diseases [rehabilitation]; Vertigo [therapy]; Tinnitus [therapy]; Dizziness [therapy]; Exercise therapy; Vestibular function tests.