Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Fonoaudiologia
Print version ISSN 1516-8034
MITUUTI, Cláudia Tiemi; PIAZENTIN-PENNA, Silvia Helena Alvarez; BRANDAO, Giovana Rinalde and BENTO-GONCALVES, Cristina Guedes de Azevedo. Characterization of the speech of individuals submitted to primary palatoplasty. Rev. soc. bras. fonoaudiol. [online]. 2010, vol.15, n.3, pp. 355-361. ISSN 1516-8034. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-80342010000300008.
PURPOSE: To describe the characteristics of the speech of subjects submitted to primary palatoplasty; to related them to the type of cleft, the surgical technique and the age at the time of surgery; and to describe the Speech-Language Pathology procedures following the surgery. METHODS: A retrospective study of 167 cleft lip and palate cases, from both genders, submitted to primary palatoplasty. Information regarding the type of cleft, age at the time of surgery, and surgical technique were gathered, and subjective analyses of the auditory-perceptive characteristics of the speech were carried out by experienced Speech-Language Pathologists. RESULTS: The auditory-perceptive evaluation that followed surgery showed altered speech intelligibility (46%), hypernasal resonance (33%), compensatory articulations (26%), nasal air emission (14%), grimace (11%), and weak intra-oral pressure (8%). There was no significant difference in the association between resonance and compensatory articulations with type of cleft, surgical technique and age range. Speech therapy was the most frequent conduct taken for the correction of compensatory articulations and/or other alterations (38%). CONCLUSION: Most subjects presented balanced resonance or acceptable hypernasality and absence of compensatory articulation, regardless the type of cleft, surgical technique and age range, although no significant differences were found. Among the conducts adopted after the first evaluation following primary palatoplasty, speech therapy was the most frequent.
Keywords : Cleft palate [surgery]; Speech disorders; Velopharyngeal insufficiency; Speech intelligibility; Speech perception; Surgical procedures; operative [methods].