Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Fonoaudiologia
versão On-line ISSN 1982-0232
SILVA, Cláudia da e CAPELLINI, Simone Aparecida. Correlation between time, error, speed and reading comprehension in students with learning disorders. Rev. soc. bras. fonoaudiol. [online]. 2011, vol.16, n.4, pp. 412-416. ISSN 1982-0232. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-80342011000400008.
PURPOSE: To correlate the variables error, time, speed and reading comprehension of students with learning disorders and students without learning disorders. METHODS: The participants of this study were 40 students, aged from 8 to 12 years old, of both genders, from 2nd to 4th grades of municipal elementary education, divided into GI: comprising 20 students without learning disorders, and GII: comprising 20 students with learning disorders. As procedure we used a selection of texts indicated by teachers of 2nd to 4th grades of municipal schools, for an oral reading task. Reading comprehension of the texts was assessed through four questions presented sequentially after reading, which students should answer orally. RESULTS: Differences were found between GI and GII regarding the number of errors, reading speed and comprehension, and total reading time. There was a positive correlation between the variables total time of reading and errors during reading, and a negative correlation between the variables total time of reading and reading speed. GII obtained differences with negative correlation between the variables total time of reading and reading speed. CONCLUSION: For students with learning disorders, the performance in the variables correlated is altered, interfering in their reading development and, consequently, in their comprehension of the read text.
Palavras-chave : Learning; Reading; Comprehension; Learning disorders; Educational status.