Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia
versión On-line ISSN 1806-0870
LOPES, Luiz F. et al. Myelodysplastic syndromes in childhood. Rev. Bras. Hematol. Hemoter. [online]. 2006, vol.28, n.3, pp. 226-237. ISSN 1806-0870. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-84842006000300016.
The Brazilian Cooperative Study Group on Pediatric Myelodysplastic Syndromes (GCB-SMD-PED) started in January 1997 with the goal of studying under 18-year-old patients with MDS or suspected MDS from all over the country. Some primary or secondary disorders are incorrectly called MDS. Because of this the GCB-SMD-PED is a referral group in the country to review and also to give diagnostic support (morphology, genetics, etc.). Some groups still use the FAB classification but two new classifications for pediatric cases have been published: one from the Sick Children's Hospital, University of Toronto, Canada the "CCC Classification" (category, cytology and cytogenetic), and the WHO pediatric classification by Hasle et al. Our proposal here is to present data from the 173 pediatric cases which were referred to the GCB-SMD-PED from 15 states (41 centers). From 1983 to 1997, 51 pediatric cases were registered as retrospective cases and from January 1998 to February 2003, 122 prospective cases were registered. From these 173 cases, 93 where confirmed as MDS. In 36.5% of them there was a transformation into acute leukemia with 82.3% as AML and 17.7% as ALL. The follow up showed that 54.8% died, 5.4% had spontaneous remission and 16.1% were in treatment with no chemotherapy (just transfusion or conservative approach). Infections were the primary cause of death (58.8%). Additionally, in this article the diagnostic approach according to classical or molecular genetics is shown with a review of literature for bone marrow transplantation in pediatric cases and other aspects which are different from the approach offered to adult patients with MDS.
Palabras clave : Myelodysplasia in childhood; pediatric myelodysplastic syndrome; bone marrow transplantation in pediatric; MDS.