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Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia

versão impressa ISSN 1516-8484versão On-line ISSN 1806-0870

Resumo

BUENO, Neide et al. Evaluation of prognostic importance of the detection of chimerical status in post-allogeneic progenitor cell transplantation patients. Rev. Bras. Hematol. Hemoter. [online]. 2008, vol.30, n.3, pp.177-180. ISSN 1516-8484.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-84842008000300004.

This study aimed to correlate the chimerical status in post-allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) patients to clinical patterns in order to evaluate the predictive value of chimerism laboratorial findings. Blood samples from 98 patients (67 current and 31 new cases) were submitted to post-HSCT chimerical status analysis. The CS1PO, TPOX, F13A1, FESFPS, HUMTH01, VWA, SE33, HUMARA, HUMD21S11 and Amelogenian loci were analyzed. Precocity of Mixed Chimerism (MC) laboratorial evidence in relation to recurrent clinical symptom manifestations was observed in 9 out of 12 patients in AL, i.e., in these cases the first MC manifestation was detected in laboratory tests before any cytological or clinical evidence. In all cases, there was a therapeutic change due to MC onset. Chimerism detection through laboratorial examinations was prior to any cytological or clinical evidence in 100% of patients presenting MC in CML. Considering that it was the first manifestation of residual disease, before any cytological or clinical manifestation, laboratorial examination to evaluate chimerical status in post-allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation through analysis of genome hyper-variable loci, turned out to be a more sensitive examination and presented a detection rate of up to 1% for early MC. The association of MC to clinical recurrence and/death is more evident in AL cases than in CML and SAA.

Palavras-chave : Chimerism; STR-PCR; hematopoietic progenitor cell transplantation.

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