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Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia

versão impressa ISSN 1516-8484versão On-line ISSN 1806-0870

Resumo

LOPES, Camila T. et al. Changes in lymphocyte phenotype and increased skin allograft survival after FTY720+FK506 therapy. Rev. Bras. Hematol. Hemoter. [online]. 2008, vol.30, n.3, pp.181-187. ISSN 1516-8484.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-84842008000300005.

The development of new drugs to be associated with calcineurin inhibitors and promote additional immunosuppression with fewer side effects is the goal in transplantation. FTY720 is a new synthetic compound which presents immunomodulatory properties which are not fully understood. It has been reported that the main mechanism of action of FTY720 is to reduce the peripheral lymphocyte count by redirecting these cells toward secondary lymphoid organs. Skin allograft transplantation in a fully mismatched strain combination was used to investigate the potential of FTY720 alone or in combination with a calcineurin inhibitor - FK506 - in preventing rejection. The number and phenotype of immune system cells was also evaluated. FTY720 alone or in combination with FK506 provided significant skin allograft survival. FTY720+FK506 therapy was associated with decreases of total lymphocyte numbers in spleen and blood, and increases in apoptosis levels in splenocytes. In FTY720 isolated treatment, a significant decrease in the CD4 expression and significantly lower expressions of MHC II and ICAM-1 molecules were observed in spleen lymphocytes. Despite of allograft survival being the same in both FTY720 and FTY720+FK506 treated groups, the association of drugs was associated with the absence of macroscopic skin necrosis for a longer period than the other treatments (FTY720, FK506) and histology showed less cell infiltration. Our results suggest that a decrease of effector T cells due to elevated levels of apoptosis and impairment in the appearance of antigens were events associated with FTY720+FK506 administration.

Palavras-chave : Mice; skin allotransplantation; rejection; immunosuppression; flow cytometry.

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