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Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology

Print version ISSN 1516-8913

Abstract

QUOIRIN, Marguerite; BONA, Cleusa; SOUZA, Elizandra F. de  and  SCHWARTSBURD, Pedro B.. Induction of leafy galls in Acacia mearnsii De Wild seedlings infected by Rhodococcus fascians. Braz. arch. biol. technol. [online]. 2004, vol.47, n.3, pp. 339-346. ISSN 1516-8913.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-89132004000300002.

Plantlets of blackwattle (Acacia mearnsii De Wild) were inoculated with the bacterium Rhodococcus fascians and cultured in vitro. Leafy galls appeared at the cotyledonary nodes in 75% of the infected plants. The galls were separated from the plants and cultured on a medium containing three-quarters-strength MS salts (Murashige and Skoog, 1962), MS vitamins, 2% sucrose and an antibiotic (cephalothin), supplemented with or without 0.2% activated charcoal. Histological studies conducted from the sixth to the twenty-second day after plant infection revealed the presence of newly formed meristematic centers, first in the axillary region, then on the petioles and lamina of the leaflets around the apical meristem. Approximately 37% of the galls developed one shoot with both concentrations of cephalothin.

Keywords : Black wattle; legume tree; micropropagation.

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