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Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology
On-line version ISSN 1678-4324
CHIARI, Wainer César et al. Pollination of soybean (Glycine max L. Merril) by honeybees (Apis mellifera L.). Braz. arch. biol. technol. [online]. 2005, vol.48, n.1, pp.31-36. ISSN 1678-4324. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-89132005000100005.
This experiment was carried out to evaluate the effect of the honeybee pollination in the production and quality of soybean seeds (Glycine max L. Merril). Seed production was higher (P=0.0001) in covered areas with honeybee colonies (50.64%) and uncovered areas (57.73%) than in covered areas without honeybee colonies. It could be concluded that honeybees were responsible for 95.5% of the pollination accomplished by insects. The pod number in covered treatment with honeybees was 61.38% higher (P=0.0002) than in the covered treatment without honeybees. The average weight of 100 seeds was larger (P=0.0001) in the area covered without honeybees, and reached 17.8 g. The medium content of crude protein in grains was 36.7% and the average oil content was 20.2%. The germination test did not show differences (P>0.05) among the seeds in different treatments. It was concluded that the honeybee pollination in the soybean increased the seeds production.
Keywords : Apis mellifera; soybean; Glycine max; honeybees; pollination; seed production.