Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology
versão impressa ISSN 1516-8913
FRANCA, Elvis Joacir de; FERNANDES, Elisabete A. De Nadai; BACCHI, Márcio Arruda e SAIKI, Mitiko. Analytical quality in environmental studies: uncertainty evaluation of chemical concentrations determined by INAA. Braz. arch. biol. technol. [online]. 2006, vol.49, n.spe, pp. 101-106. ISSN 1516-8913. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-89132006000200016.
Instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) is a measurement technique of high metrological level for the determination of chemical elements. In the context of BIOTA/FAPESP Program, leaves of trees have been evaluated by INAA for biomonitoring purposes of the Atlantic Forest. To assure the comparability of results in environmental studies, a leaf sample of Marlierea tomentosa (Myrtaceae family) showing the lowest concentrations of chemical elements was selected for the evaluation of analytical quality of the determination under unfavorable conditions. Nevertheless, the homogeneity of chemical concentrations of sample at the 95% of confidence level has been achieved and INAA has presented repeatability of 2% for the determination of Br, Co, Cs, Fe, K, Na, Rb and Sr, the uncertainty could have been overestimated. For the evaluation of uncertainty due to the variability of chemical concentrations in the sample, Jackknife and Bootstrap methods were used to estimate the maximum expected percent standard deviation. The uncertainty budget was considered adequate for the reporting chemical concentrations of environmental samples determined by INAA.
Palavras-chave : Uncertainty; INAA; Jackknife; Bootstrap.