Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology
Print version ISSN 1516-8913
SRIVASTAVA, Suresh C.. The role of electron-emitting radiopharmaceuticals in the palliative treatment of metastatic bone pain and for radiosynovectomy: applications of conversion electron emitter Tin-117m. Braz. arch. biol. technol. [online]. 2007, vol.50, n.spe, pp. 49-62. ISSN 1516-8913. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-89132007000600007.
A variety of radionuclides continue to be investigated and/or clinically used for different therapeutic applications in nuclear medicine. The choice of a particular radionuclide with regard to appropriate emissions, linear energy transfer (LET), and physical half-life, etc., is dictated to a large extent by the character of the disease (e.g., solid tumor or metastatic disease), and by the carrier to selectively transport the radionuclide to the desired site. An impressive body of information has appeared in the recent literature that addresses many of these considerations. This article summarizes and discusses the role of high-LET electron emitters and their advantage in the treatment of cancer or for other disorders in specific situations. Areas such as bone pain palliation, bone malignancy therapy, and radiation synovectomy are covered in greater detail. Projections are made as to the future directions and progress in these areas. A discussion of the various issues related to the selection criteria that are useful for choosing the appropriate radionuclide for a particular application is included. Use of high-LET electron emitters is discussed in greater detail, with particular emphasis on the use of conversion electron emitter tin-117m for various therapeutic applications.
Keywords : Radionuclide therapy; Conversion electron emitters; Bone pain palliation; Radiosynovectomy; Tin-117m.