Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology
versión impresa ISSN 1516-8913
DIBAX, Roberson; QUISEN, Regina Caetano; BONA, Cleusa y QUOIRIN, Marguerite. Plant regeneration from cotyledonary explants of Eucalyptus camaldulensis dehn and histological study of organogenesis in vitro. Braz. arch. biol. technol. [online]. 2010, vol.53, n.2, pp. 311-318. ISSN 1516-8913. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-89132010000200009.
The present work aimed at regenerating plants of Eucalyptus camaldulensis from the cotyledonary explants and describing the anatomy of the tissues during callogenesis and organogenesis processes, in order to determine the origin of the buds. The cotyledonary leaves of E. camaldulensis were cultured in Murashige and Skoog (MS), WPM and JADS media supplemented with 2.7 µM NAA and 4.44 µM BAP. The best results for bud regeneration were obtained on MS and WPM media (57.5 and 55% of calluses formed buds, respectively). Shoot elongation and rooting (80%) were obtained on MS/2 medium (with half-strength salt concentration) with 0.2% activated charcoal. Acclimatization was performed in the growth chamber for 48 h and then the plants were transferred to a soil:vermiculite mixture and cultured in a greenhouse. Histological studies revealed that the callogenesis initiated in palisade parenchyma cells and that the adventitious buds were formed from the calluses, indicating indirect organogenesis.
Palabras llave : Adventitious buds; Callogenesis; Organogenesis; Tissue culture; Anatomical study.