Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology
versión impresa ISSN 1516-8913
MONTEIRO, Maria Paula da Costa; LUCHESE, Rosa Helena y ABSHER, Theresinha Monteiro. Effect of three different types of culture conditions on Spirulina maxima growth. Braz. arch. biol. technol. [online]. 2010, vol.53, n.2, pp. 369-373. ISSN 1516-8913. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-89132010000200016.
Growth of Spirulina maxima was studied in three types of culture conditions with four replicates each: 1) manual aeration with natural sunlight; 2) manual aeration with artificial light; and 3) constant aeration with an aquarium compressor and artificial light. After 185 days of incubation, growth declined in the first two treatments, while in the third treatment, higher growth was observed with average optical density of 3.7 against 1.8 and 1.9 in the first and second treatment, respectively. This was probably due to the fact that under constant aeration the salts were suspended avoiding the crystallization what could cause a decrease in the availability of the necessary nutrients for the growth. Also, the constant stirring allowed all the cells to receive the same amount of light promoting photosynthesis and consequently, a larger growth and characteristic green coloration. Culture with constant aeration under artificial light should be used for S. maxima cultivation because, besides reducing labor hours, it could be a more effective method for improving the economic income.
Palabras llave : aquarium compressor; biomass production; microalgal growth; Spirulina.