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Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology

Print version ISSN 1516-8913

Abstract

FRANCO, Célia Maria Landi et al. Effect of lactic acid and UV irradiation on the cassava and corn starches. Braz. arch. biol. technol. [online]. 2010, vol.53, n.2, pp. 443-454. ISSN 1516-8913.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-89132010000200025.

In this work, the effect of lactic acid and UV irradiation on the physicochemical and structural characteristics of cassava and corn starches was evaluated. Only the modified cassava starch presented baking expansion capacity. From RVA, reduction of viscosity values, greater internal stability and none set back for modified cassava starch were observed. Modified corn starch did not show any peak viscosity. There were no significant differences in DSC thermal properties of treated and native starches. Amylopectin and amylose molecules from both the modified starches displayed some degradation. Molecular weight of cassava amylopectin was mostly preserved, whereas corn amylopectin was evenly attacked through the granule. Nevertheless, the B long branched chains of cassava amylopectin, with DP~37, were degraded whereas they were unchanged for corn amylopectin.

Keywords : starch; photochemical treatment; expansion capacity; structural and physicochemical characteristics.

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