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Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology

Print version ISSN 1516-8913

Abstract

SANTORO, Patricia Helena et al. In vitro sensitivity of antagonistic Trichoderma atroviride to herbicides. Braz. arch. biol. technol. [online]. 2014, vol.57, n.2, pp.238-243. ISSN 1516-8913.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-89132014000200012.

Trichoderma atroviride was tested in vitro for its sensitivity to different herbicides. The dosages tested were recommended dosage (RD), half dosage (½RD), and double dosage (2RD). Germination, colony-forming units (CFU), radial growth, and spore production were evaluated. Carfentrazone-ethyl and sulfentrazone inhibited the germination at RD and 2RD. A reduction in the CFU was observed for glufosinate-ammonium, atrazine, carfentrazone-ethyl, diuron + paraquat dichloride, imazapyr, oxyfluorfen, and sulfentrazone at each of the tested dosages. Radial growth was influenced by ametryn, atrazine, carfentrazone-ethyl, oxyfluorfen, and sulfentrazone herbicides, with an 80% reduction of the colonial area. Spore production was affected by carfentrazone-ethyl, oxyfluorfen, and sulfentrazone with colonial area reductions of over 70%. It was concluded that 2,4 D, clomazone, and imazapyr herbicides showed the least toxicity to T. atroviride and should be used in the crops where the fungus has been applied for phytopathogen control.

Keywords : Biological control; Compatibility; Conservative management; Antagonistic microorganisms; Plant pathogens.

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