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Revista Brasileira de Ciências Farmacêuticas

Print version ISSN 1516-9332

Abstract

CHIARINI, Eb  and  PENNA, Thereza Christina Vessoni. Extraction, purification and physical-chemical characterization of recombinant green fluorescent protein (GFPuv) expressed in Escherichia coli cells. Rev. Bras. Cienc. Farm. [online]. 2003, vol.39, n.4, pp.457-466. ISSN 1516-9332.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-93322003000400014.

The recombinant green fluorescent protein (GFPuv) has been used as a marker in several research fields. The purpose of the present work was to evaluate the influence of the selective physical permeation procedure applied to the cells of Escherichia coli for the extraction of GFPuv in relation to the chemical procedures of extraction and purification. Transformed cells (0.92-1.44 mg/mL) of E. coli DH5-a expressing GFPuv were submitted to four cycles (1º, 2º, 3º, 4º) of freezing (-20 ºC/ 0.83 ºC/ min/thawing interlaid by sonication (3 pulses/6 s/25 vibrations). The intracellular permeate with GFPuv in buffer solution (Tris-HCl 25 mM pH 8.0 + b-mercaptoethanol (1 mM) + PMSF (0.1 mM)) was submitted to the three-phase partitioning (TPP) method and subsequent purification through hydrophobic interaction chromatography column (HIC). The results showed that the first selective permeation cycle applied to the cells was more efficient in the release of the protein from the cell fragments without subsequent extraction and purification in relation to the second, third and fourth permeation procedures. The permeated, extracted and purified GFPuv showed similarity to the standard GFPuv characteristics of fluorescence, stability and solubility.

Keywords : Recombinant green fluorescent protein; GFPuv; Escherichia coli; Protein extraction; Three phase partitioning; TPP.

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