Revista Brasileira de Ciências Farmacêuticas
Print version ISSN 1516-9332
SERRA, Cristina Helena dos Reis and STORPIRTIS, Sílvia. Dissolution profile comparison of cephalexin by dissolution kinetic studies and dissolution efficiency (ED%). Rev. Bras. Cienc. Farm. [online]. 2007, vol.43, n.1, pp. 79-88. ISSN 1516-9332. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-93322007000100010.
The present study reports the comparative results of the cephalexin dissolution kinetic evaluation and dissolution efficiency (ED%) considering two brands (1 and 2) of different products (A and B), available within the Brazilian market in the tablet conventional release dosage form. The dissolution profiles have been determined adopting the following conditions: apparatus 1 (basket, 40 mesh); 100 rpm; 900 mL of distilled water kept 37±0,5 °C. Samples have been collected in: 5, 7, 10, 15, 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 minutes and the cephalexin concentration was determined at UV spectrofotometry (262 nm). Through the dissolution profiles it has been determined: (i) the mathematical model of cephalexin released (first-order); (ii) the percentage of cephalexin dissolved at 30 minutes (Q30); (iii) the constant of the dissolution rate (k); (iv) half-life of dissolution (t50%); and, (v) the efficiency of dissolution (ED%). The percentage of cephalexin dissolved at 30 minutes (Q30) has indicated that the products A2 e B2 were in accordance with the presented pharmacopoeia specifications. Dissolution profile comparison has indicated significant statistic difference between: A2 and B1 (comparative analysis of the kinetic parameters), A1 and B2 (comparative analysis by difference factor - f1 and similarity factor - f2), B1 and B2 (comparative analysis of the kinetic parameters and ED%).
Keywords : Cephalexin; Dissolution kinetics; Dissolution effectiveness.