Revista Brasileira de Ciências Farmacêuticas
Print version ISSN 1516-9332
MARQUES, Tatiane Cristina et al. Antimicrobial drug administration errors identified in Brazilian multicentric study. Rev. Bras. Cienc. Farm. [online]. 2008, vol.44, n.2, pp.305-314. ISSN 1516-9332. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-93322008000200016.
Medication administration errors (MAE) are the most frequent kind of medication errors. Errors with antimicrobial drugs (AD) are relevant because they may interfere in patient safety and in the development of microbial resistance. The aim of this study is to analyze the AD errors detected in a Brazilian multicentric study of MAE. It was a descriptive and exploratory study carried out in clinical units in five Brazilian teaching hospitals. The hospitals were investigated during 30 days. MAE were detected by observation technique. MAE were classified in categories: wrong route(WR), wrong patient(WP), wrong dose(WD) wrong time (WT) and unordered drug (UD). AD with MAE were classified by Anatomical-Therapeutical-Chemical Classification System. AD with narrow therapeutic index (NTI) were identified. A descriptive statistical analysis was performed using SPSS version 11.5 software. A total of 1500 errors were observed, 277 (18.5%) of them were errors with AD. The types of AD error were: WT 87.7%, WD 6.9%, WR 1.5%, UD 3.2% and WP 0.7%. The number of AD found was 36. The mostly ATC class were fluoroquinolones 13.9%, combinations of penicillin 13.9%, macrolides 8.3% and third-generation cephalosporins 5.6%. The parenteral drug dosage form was associated with 55.6% of AD. 16.7% of AD were NTI. 47.4% of WD and 21.8% WT were with NTI drugs. This study shows that these errors should be considered potential areas for improvement in the medication process and patient safety plus there is requirement to develop rational drug use of AD.
Keywords : Medication [administration errors]; Antimicrobial drugs [administration errors]; Medication systems hospital.