Print version ISSN 1517-4522
KOBAYASHI, Elisabete; FARIA, Lina and COSTA, Maria Conceição da. Eugenics and the Rockefeller Foundation in Brazil: health as an instrument of national regeneration. Sociologias [online]. 2009, n.22, pp. 314-351. ISSN 1517-4522. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-45222009000200012.
In the first decades of the twentieth century, the work of the Rockefeller Foundation was decisive for the implementation of public health initiatives in Brazil, especially in the so-called public health movement. At that time, Brazilian eugenics was the same as public health, as expressed in the maxim "to sanitize is to eugenize". There are several studies discussing the public health movement, the issue of public health in Brazil, the Rockefeller Foundation, eugenics and its supporters. However, there is little discussion on the relationship between the Rockefeller Foundation and the Brazilian eugenics movement. It is worth to mention that although there are issues related to race, and theories on genetics and evolution, this work does not intend to examine these issues in depth. The aim was to recreate the scenario in which eugenics in general, and particularly in the Brazilian case, was developed, exposing the positions of some of the Brazilian eugenicists.
Keywords : Eugenics; Public health; Rockefeller Foundation; International cooperation.