Print version ISSN 1517-4522
MAIO, Marcos Chor and LOPES, Thiago da Costa. From Chicago school to national developmentalism: health and nation in the thought of Alberto Guerreiro Ramos (1940-1950). Sociologias [online]. 2012, vol.14, n.30, pp. 290-329. ISSN 1517-4522. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-45222012000200010.
This paper explores the interface between Public Health and Social Sciences in Alberto Guerreiro Ramos' thought (1940-1950), in the light of his intellectual trajectory and the history of Social Sciences in Brazil. It shows how Health itself was a key-element for Guerreiro Ramos's interpretation about nation and the role of Social Sciences in the process of modernization. Starting his career in Brazilian government agencies, Guerreiro's first writings on Well-child care and Health were inspired by north-American sociological approaches, mainly derived from the so-called "Chicago School of Sociology". In the 1950s, Guerreiro Ramos accounted for health problems such as infant mortality in terms of "underdeveloped" social-economic structures and criticized Brazilian health programs he somehow considered detached from the country's main goal of industrialization.
Keywords : History of the Social Sciences in Brazil; Public Health; Guerreiro Ramos; Chicago School of Sociology; National development.