Matéria (Rio de Janeiro)
versión On-line ISSN 1517-7076
SANTOS, Maria Helena et al. Cytocompatibility evaluation of hydroxyapatite/collagen composites doped with Zn+2. Matéria (Rio J.) [online]. 2007, vol.12, n.2, pp.307-312. ISSN 1517-7076. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-70762007000200009.
The cytocompatibility of synthetic hydroxyapatite/collagen composites alone or doped with Zn+2 was tested by using primary culture of osteoblasts. The hydroxyapatite (HAP) was synthesized having calcium hydroxide and orthophosphoric acid as precursors. A new HAP composite was developed adding 1.05 w% of Zn(NO3)2.6H2O forming HAPZn. The pure type I collagen (COL) was obtained from bovine pericardium by enzymatic digestion method. The HAP/COL and HAPZn/COL composites were developed and characterized by SEM/EDS. The cell viability and alkaline phosphatase activity in the presence of composites were evaluated by MTT assay and NBT-BCIP assay, respectively, and compared to osteoblastic cells of the control. Three individual experiments were accomplished in triplicates and submitted to the variance analysis and Bonferronis post-test with statistically significant at p<0.05. The HAPZn/COL composite did not stimulate the proliferation and increasing of alkaline phosphatase activity of the osteoblastic cells. The tested composites did not alter the cellular viability neither caused alterations in the cellular morphology in 72 h showing adequate properties for biological applications.
Palabras clave : Biomaterials; hydroxyapatite; collagen; cytocompatibility; zinc.