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Matéria (Rio de Janeiro)

versão On-line ISSN 1517-7076

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TAVARES, Lara Basilio  e  ROSA, Derval dos Santos. Stabilization effect of kraft lignin into PBAT:Thermal analyses approach. Matéria (Rio J.) [online]. 2019, vol.24, n.3, e12405.  Epub 16-Set-2019. ISSN 1517-7076.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s1517-707620190003.0718.

Sterically hindered phenols are an important class of synthetic antioxidants for polymers, commonly incorporated to inhibit polyolefins or polyesters oxidation. However, synthetic antioxidants use is under restricted regulation due to their potential health risk and environmental impacts. Thus, great interest has been attracted to the phenol-based natural antioxidant such as lignin. This work aimed to evaluate the thermostability of kraft lignin (KL) as a natural antioxidant when incorporated into poly(butylene adipate-coterephthalate) (PBAT) matrix. PBAT-KL films (0%, 1%, 3%, 5% and 10%, by mass) were prepared by twin-screw extrusion followed by thermo-compression. These materials were examined in detail for their effect on the thermal stability using the oxidative induction time (OIT), oxidative induction temperature (OITemp) and thermogravimetric analysis (TG). According to the results, lignin-containing compositions have improved thermal resistance in oxidative environment, compared to neat PBAT. However, 10 wt.% lignin composition presented the lowest thermostability among lignin-containing compositions. The results showed that kraft lignin promotes the thermal stabilization of PBAT films at the optimal concentration of 1% by mass.

Palavras-chave : Poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate); Kraft lignin; Biodegradable polymer; Thermal analysis; Oxidative degradation.

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