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Matéria (Rio de Janeiro)

versão On-line ISSN 1517-7076

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KANO, Fabiany Sayuri; SOUZA, Alana Gabrieli de  e  ROSA, Derval dos Santos. Variation of the milling conditions in the obtaining of nanocellulose from the paper sludge. Matéria (Rio J.) [online]. 2019, vol.24, n.3, e12406.  Epub 16-Set-2019. ISSN 1517-7076.  https://doi.org/10.1590/s1517-707620190003.0719.

This work aimed to evaluate three different milling conditions, seeking the optimization of CNS isolation process. The paper sludge was chemically treated with detergent and H2O2, by two steps, to remove the noncellulosic contents (hemicellulose and lignin). After these treatments, the sample was milled with the variation of a liquid medium. The three liquids milling medium were: i) dry medium (CNS-D); ii) moist with water and (CNS-W) iii) moist with ethanol (CNS-E). The CNSs were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), zeta potential and dynamic light scattering (DLS). The milled samples presented different behavior, depending on the medium applied. The CNS-W presented low efficiency due to the formation of agglomerates around the ceramic ball, resulting in larger fiber sizes (microsizes). Although, the samples CNS-D and CNS-E presented similar behavior of sizes distribution, with average size 340 nm and 373 nm, respectively, determined by DLS. The CNS-E sample presented higher yield and electrostatic stability in solution, besides not presenting loss of crystallinity, as occurred with CNS-D, observed by FTIR analysis. Thus, the isolation with ethanol showed more efficient process among the three processes studied. This work achieved the isolation of CNS; besides, it proposed an environmentally friendly isolation method, and this may add value in the paper sludge.

Palavras-chave : industrial residue; cellulose nanostructures; ball mill; cellulose characterization.

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