Pesquisa Odontológica Brasileira
Print version ISSN 1517-7491
ALMEIDA-DE-FARIA, Marinez; BAUER, Jarbas A. and NICOLAU, Jose. Effect of unilateral incisor tooth amputation on the glucose metabolism in submandibular glands of rats following sympathetic and parasympathetic denervation. Pesqui. Odontol. Bras. [online]. 2000, vol.14, n.1, pp. 25-31. ISSN 1517-7491. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-74912000000100006.
The autonomic nervous system is of major importance in the regulation of physiological functions of the salivary glands, including the sialadenotrophic process. It is well known that the secretory function as well as other functions in the salivary glands depend upon the energy produced in the gland. The acini volume density, some enzymes of the glucose metabolism, such as hexokinase, phosphofructokinase, pyruvate kinase, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase and lactate dehydrogenase were evaluated following sympathetic and parasympathetic denervation of submandibular glands of rats, submitted to unilateral incisor amputation, five days after denervation. Sympathectomized glands submitted to amputation showed a reduction in the activity of hexokinase and phosphofructokinase-1, varying from 27.5 to 36.7 % for hexokinase and from 22.8 to 38.4 % for phosphofructokinase-1. Although no variation was observed in the enzymatic activity of parasympathectomized animals, the acini volume density showed a significant decrease.
Keywords : Denervation; Amputation; Enzymes; Glucose metabolism.