Pesquisa Odontológica Brasileira
versão impressa ISSN 1517-7491
NOGUEIRA-FILHO, Getúlio da Rocha et al. Need for periodontal treatment evaluated through CPITN and its relation to the quality of the cervical margin of restorations. Pesqui. Odontol. Bras. [online]. 2001, vol.15, n.1, pp. 51-55. ISSN 1517-7491. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-74912001000100010.
Irregularities of the cervical margin of restorations facilitate the retention of bacterial plaque, hindering plaque control through the habitual procedures of oral hygiene and favoring the development of periodontal disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate the periodontal condition and treatment needs (applying CPITN) in relation to the cervical margin of dental restorations. Three hundred and sixty-seven teeth with class II and V cavities restored with amalgam, class III cavities restored with composite resin, cast metal restorations and unitary prostheses were examined. With a WHO periodontal probe, the position of the cervical margins of restorations was verified (supragingival, subgingival or at the gingival margin level); the presence of defects (lack or excess of restoring material) and the presence of score 2 of CPITN were also assessed. After the analysis of the data, it was possible to conclude that: 1) supragingival margins offered the best marginal adaptation and the lowest frequency of score 2; 2) both the lack and the excess of restoring material favor the development of score 2, despite the utilized material and 3) in subgingival margins, incorrect marginal adaptation was the most frequent event, mainly due to excess of restoring material, and in these cases there was higher frequency of score 2 of CPITN.
Palavras-chave : Periodontal diseases; Marginal adaptation; CPITN.