Pesquisa Odontológica Brasileira
Print version ISSN 1517-7491
COSTA, Carolina Covolo da; COSTA FILHO, Luiz Cesar da; SORIA, Marina Lara and MAINARDI, Ana Paula Rorato. Plaque removal by manual and electric toothbrushing among children. Pesqui. Odontol. Bras. [online]. 2001, vol.15, n.4, pp. 296-301. ISSN 1517-7491. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-74912001000400005.
The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of plaque control performed with electric and manual toothbrushes. Fifteen children with primary dentition and 14 children with mixed dentition were divided in two groups and randomly assigned to utilize a manual or an electric toothbrush. In the first session, professional plaque removal was performed, and the children spent 24 hours without brushing their teeth. In the second session, plaque was disclosed and assessed on all facial and lingual surfaces. After that, all children brushed their teeth with the predetermined toothbrush. The next procedure was the disclosure and measurement of residual plaque. After a period of 7 days, the children switched the kind of toothbrush, and the same procedures were repeated. According to the statistical analysis of the results, there were no significant differences concerning plaque removal when the toothbrushes were utilized by children with mixed dentition. On the other hand, the electric toothbrush promoted significantly greater plaque removal on the lingual surfaces of teeth from children with primary dentition.
Keywords : Oral hygiene; Toothbrushing; Dental devices; home care.