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Pesquisa Odontológica Brasileira
Print version ISSN 1517-7491
AMARAL, Cristiane Mariote; CASTRO, Ana Karina Barbieri Bedran de; PIMENTA, Luiz André Freire and AMBROSANO, Glaucia Maria Boni. Effect of techniques of composite resin insertion and polymerization on microleakage and microhardness. Pesqui. Odontol. Bras. [online]. 2002, vol.16, n.3, pp. 257-262. ISSN 1517-7491. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-74912002000300013.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of techniques of composite resin polymerization and insertion on microleakage and microhardness. One hundred and eighty class II cavities were prepared in bovine teeth and assigned to six groups: G1 - bulk filling + conventional polymerization; G2 - bucco-lingual increments + conventional polymerization; G3 - bulk filling + soft-start polymerization; G4 - bucco-lingual increments + soft-start polymerization; G5 - bulk filling + progressive polymerization; G6 - bucco-lingual increments + progressive polymerization. All cavities were restored with the Z100/Single Bond system (3M). After thermocycling, the samples were immersed in 2% methylene blue dye solution for 4 hours. Half of the samples were embedded in polystyrene resin, and Knoop microhardness was measured. The Kruskal-Wallis test did not reveal statistical differences (p > 0.05) between the polymerization and insertion techniques as to microleakage. Regarding microhardness, the two-way ANOVA and the Tukey test did not reveal statistical differences between the restorative techniques (p > 0.05), but progressive polymerization (G5 and G6) was associated with smaller Knoop microhardness values (p < 0.05): G = 144.11; G2 = 143.89; G3 = 141.14; G4 = 142.79; G5 = 132.15; G6 = 131.67. It was concluded that the evaluated polymerization and insertion techniques did not affect marginal microleakage, but a decrease in microhardness occurred when progressive polymerization was carried out.
Keywords : Composite resins; Dental leakage; Light; Dental restoration permanent, methods.