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Pesquisa Odontológica Brasileira

Print version ISSN 1517-7491

Abstract

BLAY, Alberto; TUNCHEL, Samy  and  SENDYK, Wilson Roberto. Viability of autogenous bone grafts obtained by using bone collectors: histological and microbiological study. Pesqui. Odontol. Bras. [online]. 2003, vol.17, n.3, pp.234-240. ISSN 1517-7491.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-74912003000300007.

The use of autogenous bone grafts is considered to be the best choice for reconstructive surgery. In the periodontal literature, the utilization of osseous coagulum was suggested by the end of the sixties. The purpose of this study is to consider the use of bone collectors (bone traps) as an alternative method for obtaining material to fill small bone imperfections, such as fenestrations and dehiscences. Thirty samples were obtained from bone drilling during fixture installation in patients (13 men and 17 women, with an average age of 54 years) requiring treatment at the Department of Periodontology and Implant Dentistry, University of Santo Amaro. These samples were fixed in 10% neutral formaldehyde for 24 hours and subjected to histological preparation, in order to evaluate the presence of viable osteoblasts. In addition, the material was placed in a fluid thioglycolate medium and incubated for 24 hours at 36 ± 1°C in aerobiosis and anaerobiosis. Bacterial growth evaluation was made by using six different culture media (MacConkey agar, blood agar base, mannitol salt agar, Anaerokit LTD medium, Anaerokit LTD - bile medium, Anaerinsol). The results show that, if proper care is taken to prevent saliva contamination during the surgical procedure, this method of collecting autogenous bone may be useful in situations where small amounts of bone are required.

Keywords : Dental implantation; Bone transplantation; Bone regeneration.

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