Brazilian Journal of Microbiology
Print version ISSN 1517-8382
DOREA, Regina Coeli Cunha et al. Behavior of Leishmania major metacyclic promastigotes during the course of infection and immune response development in resistant versus susceptible hosts. Braz. J. Microbiol. [online]. 2003, vol.34, suppl.1, pp. 17-20. ISSN 1517-8382. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-83822003000500006.
Little is known on the epitopes derived from metacyclic promastigotes of Leishmania that are important on the regulation or destruction of the parasite, as targets of immune attack in the vertebrate host. In this study we investigated an alternative method to obtain metacyclic promasigotes of Leishmania major, as evaluated by the course of infection and delayed-type hipersensitivity (DTH) in resistant versus susceptible inbred mice. Non-infective (procyclic) promastigotes of L. major recently transformed from tissue amastigotes were attached to a negatively charged glass-wool column, whereas metacyclic promastigotes were not bound to columns and could be easily recovered. Optimal chromatography conditions were validated through statistical analyses. Parasite average yield from glass wool columns and promastigote viability were estimated by light microscopy. Metacyclic promastigotes yielded 43.5% to 57.5%. Different patterns of cutaneous lesions were obtained in BALB/c (susceptible) and C57BL/6 (resistant) mice, the former with highly infective lesions induced by metacyclic promastigotes. DTH responses proved to be higher in groups of C57BL/6 mice which were infected with metacyclic promastigotes. These results indicate that the new method could be integrated with the investigation of metacyclogenesis of Leishmania in vivo.
Keywords : Leishmania major; metacyclic promastigotes; metacyclogenesis; BALB/c mice; C57BL/6 mice.