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Brazilian Journal of Microbiology
On-line version ISSN 1678-4405
REGUA-MANGIA, Adriana Hamond et al. Genetic analysis of Escherichia coli strains carrying enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) markers, isolated from children in Rio de Janeiro city, Brazil. Braz. J. Microbiol. [online]. 2003, vol.34, suppl.1, pp. 38-41. ISSN 1678-4405. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-83822003000500013.
In the present study, 47 enteropathogenic Escherichia coli strains identified according to serotyping, presence of eae, bfp and EAF sequences, adherence phenotype and ability to induce attaching-effacing lesions were analyzed by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), multilocus enzyme electrophoresis (MLEE), and the presence of LEE genes (eae, espA, espB, tir) as well as the respective alleles. Amplification of LEE genes subtypes revealed 18 different pathotypes. Typing of the eae gene showed that most strains contained nontypable intimin (42%) followed by b (35%), g and a genes (12% each). PFGE analysis revealed a variable degree of polymorphism among isolates and, in general, no clear correlation was observed among PFGE profiles and the virulence markers identified. Otherwise, grouping based on MLEE analysis showed a close association between eae allele and clonal cluster distribution leading us to indicate the eae profile as a promising marker to establish relatedness among such microorganisms.
Keywords : enteropathogenic Escherichia coli; genetic diversity; virulence markers.