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Brazilian Journal of Microbiology
On-line version ISSN 1678-4405
D'AZEVEDO, Pedro Alves et al. Antimicrobial susceptibility among Enterococcus isolates from the city of Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil. Braz. J. Microbiol. [online]. 2004, vol.35, n.3, pp. 199-204. ISSN 1678-4405. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-83822004000200005.
Resistance to several classes of antimicrobial agents is a remarkable characteristic of enterococcal strains increasingly reported worldwide. Information about strains isolated in the southern region of Brazil is still limited. In this study, a total of 455 consecutive enterococcal isolates recovered from patients living in Porto Alegre, Brazil, were identified at species level and evaluated for their antimicrobial susceptibilities by agar diffusion testing. The most frequent species was E. faecalis (92.8%), followed by E. faecium (2.9%), E. gallinarum (1.5%), E. avium (1.1%), E. hirae (0.7%), E. casseliflavus (0.4%), E. durans (0.4%), and E. raffinosus (0.2%). According to the results of disk tests 62.0% of the strains were resistant to tetracycline, 42.6% to erythromycin, 24.8% to chloramphenicol, 22.6% to ciprofloxacin, 22.0% to norfloxacin, 3.5% to ampicillin, 3.5% to nitrofurantoin. High level resistance to aminoglycosides was found in 37.8% of the isolates, with 23.5% being resistant to gentamicin, 14.3% to streptomycin, and 2.8% to both gentamicin and streptomycin. No vancomycin resistant or b-lactamase producing isolates were found. The results indicate that a significant percentage of isolates are resistant to different antimicrobials, pointing out the need for control strategies to avoid dissemination of resistant isolates and for continuous surveillance for the detection of emerging resistance traits.
Keywords : enterococcal; antimicrobial susceptibility; resistance.