Brazilian Journal of Microbiology
On-line version ISSN 1678-4405
SARTORATTO, Adilson et al. Composition and antimicrobial activity of essential oils from aromatic plants used in Brazil. Braz. J. Microbiol. [online]. 2004, vol.35, n.4, pp. 275-280. ISSN 1678-4405. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-83822004000300001.
Essential oils from aerial parts of Mentha piperita, M. spicata, Thymus vulgaris, Origanum vulgare, O. applii, Aloysia triphylla, Ocimum gratissimum, O. basilicum were obtained by steam destillation using a Clevenger-type system. These oils were screened for antibacterial and anti-Candida albicans activity using bioautographic method. Subsequently, minimal inhibitory concentration from oils was determined by microdilution method. Most essential oil studied were effective against Enterococcus faecium and Salmonella cholerasuis. Aloysia triphylla and O. basilicum presented moderate inhibition against Staphylococcus aureus while only A. tryphila and M. piperita were able to control the yeast Candida albicans. The oils were analyzed by GC and GC-MS techniques in order to determine the majoritary compounds.
Keywords : essential oil; medicinal plants; antimicrobial activity; minimal inhibitory concentration.