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Brazilian Journal of Microbiology
On-line version ISSN 1678-4405
PEREIRA, Christiane Soares et al. Salmonella Hadar phage types isolated from different sources of foodchain in Brazil. Braz. J. Microbiol. [online]. 2007, vol.38, n.4, pp. 620-623. ISSN 1678-4405. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-83822007000400008.
The gastroenteritis incidence caused by Salmonella Hadar has increased over the last decades worldwide. The uncontrolled use of antimicrobials for treating human patients and veterinary field contributes to increase the multidrug resistance of this serovar. In the present investigation, a total of 179 S. Hadar isolates from different sources of foodchain in Brazil were phage typed and analyzed for their antimicrobial resistance profile. The main S. Hadar phage types isolated were PT 38, PT 39, PT 40, PT 11, PT 34, PT 1 and PT 22. Others phage types as PT 13, PT 19, PT 21, PT 23, PT 31, PT 33 and PT 37 were obtained in low percentages. A total of 35,7% S. Hadar strains were resistant to two or more antimicrobials drugs. Furthermore, no resistance to third generation cephalosporin or ciprofloxacin was identified in these strains. Those results appoint to S. Hadar phage types circulating among animals, food and humans, as well as the increasing of multidrug resistance. The surveillance and monitoring of S. Hadar strains based on phage typing and antimicrobial resistance profile are useful for detecting outbreaks, identifying sources of infection and implementing prevention and control measures of salmonellosis.
Keywords : Salmonella Hadar; Phage Types; Foodchain; Multidrug resistance.