Brazilian Journal of Microbiology
On-line version ISSN 1678-4405
PARAHYM, Ana Maria Rabelo De Carvalho; MELO, Luciana Resende Bandeira de; MORAIS, Vera Lúcia Lins De and NEVES, Rejane Pereira. Candidiasis in pediatric patients with cancer interned in a university hospital. Braz. J. Microbiol. [online]. 2009, vol.40, n.2, pp. 321-324. ISSN 1678-4405. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-83822009000200020.
Fungi are common causes of infection in immunocompromised patients. Candida species are frequently involved in these cases. In order to investigate candidiasis in pediatric patients with cancer, clinical samples were collected from one hundred and twenty two patients interned in the Oswaldo Cruz University Hospital in Recife, Brazil. Yeasts were isolated from thirty-four clinical samples. The species isolated were: Candida albicans (fourteen isolates), C. parapsilosis (nine isolates), C. guilliermondii (two isolates) and C. tropicalis (two isolates). We found that candidemia was most frequent in patients with malignant hematology and that C. parapsilosis infections caused the highest mortality.
Keywords : Candida spp.; fungi infection; candidaemia; pediatric patient; cancer.