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Brazilian Journal of Microbiology
Print version ISSN 1517-8382
TALIA, Juan Manuel; DEBATTISTA, Nora Beatriz and PAPPANO, Nora Beatriz. New antimicrobial combinations: substituted chalcones- oxacillin against methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Braz. J. Microbiol. [online]. 2011, vol.42, n.2, pp. 470-475. ISSN 1517-8382. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-83822011000200010.
Staphylococcus aureus, the most virulent Staphylococcus species, is also the prevalent pathogen isolated from hospitalized patients and the second most common from patients in outpatient settings. In general, bacteria have the genetic ability to transmit and acquire resistance to drugs, which are utilized as therapeutic agents. Related studies of antimicrobial activity indicate that crude extracts containing flavonoids, triterpenes and steroids have showed significative activity against several Staphylococcus aureus strains. Combination effects between flavonoids and antibiotics also have been reported. The aim of the present work was to investigate in vitro synergism between several chalcones substituted in combination with oxacillin, an antibiotic used conventionally against S. aureus ATCC 43 300 that is resistant to meticillin, using the kinetic turbidimetric method developed earlier. The results were satisfactory for all assayed combinations and in accordance with the mechanism of bacteriostatic inhibition previously proposed, except for 2´,4´-dihydroxy-3´-methoxychalcone - oxacillin. The best combination was 2´,3´-dihydroxychalcone - oxacillin (MIC: 11.2 μg/mL). Further investigations are needed to characterize the interaction mechanism with antibiotics. Thus, chalcones - oxacillin combination could lead to the development of new antibiotics against methicillin resistant S. aureus infection.
Keywords : substituted chalcones; oxacillin; combinations; antimicrobial; S. aureus.